Recently, the Department of the Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service (collectively, Treasury), proposed regulations implementing Section 864(c)(8) of the Code (the Proposed Regulations). The Proposed Regulations affect certain foreign persons that recognize gain or loss from the sale or exchange of an interest in a partnership that is engaged in a trade or business within the United States. The Proposed Regulations also affect partnerships that, directly or indirectly, have foreign partners.
Section 864(c)(8), which was added to the Code by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA), provides that gain or loss of a nonresident alien individual or foreign corporation (a foreign transferor) from the sale, exchange, or other disposition (transfer) of a partnership interest is treated as effectively connected (EC) with the conduct of a trade or business within the United States (EC gain or EC loss) to the extent that the transferor would have had EC gain or loss if the partnership had sold all of its assets at fair market value as of the date of the sale or exchange (deemed sale). Section 864(c)(8) essentially overturns the holding in Grecian Magnesite Mining v. Commissioner, 149 T.C. No. 3 (2017), appeal argued, No. 17-1268 (D.C. Cir. Oct. 9, 2018).